Ray-Zee

There is nothing wrong with feeling anxious. Anxiety is a completely normal human emotion. However, if you continue to feel anxious for more than 6 months straight, the feelings become more intense, and it starts to interfere with your daily life, then you might be struggling with an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety – The Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Preventions

 

There is nothing wrong with feeling anxious. Anxiety is a completely normal human emotion. However, if you continue to feel anxious for more than 6 months straight, the feelings become more intense, and it starts to interfere with your daily life, then you might be struggling with an anxiety disorder.

Understanding anxiety is extremely important. Some people think it’s stress, others may think it’s depression. While in reality, it’s none. Yes, it may increase stress and depression and vice versa. But all three of these feelings are not synonyms.

anxiety

 

What Is Anxiety?

It is a rush of emotions caused by worrying thoughts, tension, stress, or a physical change. For example, you may feel anxious about meeting a new person or moving into a new place.

These types of emotions are actually really healthy for your mental health. They come and go without interfering with your daily life. It might seem unpleasant at first, but it motivates you to work harder and become a better person.

Anxiety is with human beings since the earliest of times. The feeling of danger causes a rush of adrenaline hormones. It alarms the brain about the danger and triggers an anxious ‘fight-or-flight’ response.

When the brain sends the anxious response, the body experiences a raised heartbeat, sweating, and getting oversensitive about the surrounding. You can relate these emotions to the nervous feeling you get right before an important event in your life.

 

 

What Is An Anxiety Disorder?

It is when the feelings of anxiety are elevated and they don’t go away. Fear becomes stronger and it overpowers the general ability of your brain to function normally. It can also get intense and may feel extremely debilitating.

Anxiety disorders are actually very common. It can happen to anybody. More than 40 million people in the US alone struggle with it. But as usual, women are more likely to develop such mental disorders than men. 

This type of anxiety can interfere with your daily life. It can stop you from doing things you love and enjoy. In extreme cases, it can prevent you from focusing on a certain thing, meeting new people, crossing the street, or even leaving your house. If such types of mental disorders are left untreated then they will get worst!

Type of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is ruled by worry and fear. There are several disorders that anxiety can play a part in:

  1. Panic Attack: Sudden or brief attacks of extreme fear and worry. It can leave you frazzled. Such attacks may also lead to dizziness, nausea, sweating, shaking, and breathing problems.
  2. Generalized anxiety: It is the most common anxiety disorder. Which is often left unidentified in people. However, it is a chronic disorder. GAD involves long-lasting anxiety and worrying about random things, stressing over non-specific situations and objects.
  3. Selective Mutism: This one is specifically for children. It is an extreme form of social anxiety where a child cannot speak in a certain situation or context. Even if your child is excellent in verbal communication. But selective mutism may prevent your child to speak up on certain occasions.
  4. Phobia: Feeling the fear and intense emotions around a particular object or situation. Phobia is not like anxiety, as it’s directed towards a certain cause. But because it is irrational and the person cannot control the feeling of anxiety around the triggers.
  5. Separation anxiety: It is not limited to children. Adults can also experience separation anxiety when they are separated from a place or a person who provided a feeling of safety and security. Sometimes, extreme separation anxiety may lead to panic attacks.
  6. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Recurring thoughts about certain things that make you do the task over and over again. It can lead to stress as the thoughts are irrational and cause you to act upon things repeatedly.
  7. Hypochondria: It has become one of the most concerning disorders today. It involves feeling anxious about your health continuously. Coronavirus has also played a huge role in making hypochondria worst. It may also lead to panic attacks and stress if left unidentified.
  8. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): It is the traumatic anxious feeling after a particular event. The event may have been experienced or witnessed. It may lead to nightmares, flashbacks, nausea, and severe anxiety.

What Are The Symptoms of Anxiety?

Feeling anxious is a personal experience. The severity and symptoms may differ from person to person. That’s why it really important to be aware of your mental health. And take the right action before things get out of hand.

But these are the few symptoms that people will experience who deal with general anxiety:

  1. Concentration difficulties
  2. Feeling frazzled and all over the place
  3. Feeling a disconnect between mind and body
  4. Uncontrollable worried feelings
  5. Increased sensitivity
  6. Restlessness
  7. Difficulties falling asleep
  8. Increased heart rate

While feeling these symptoms in daily life is normal. However, people dealing with anxiety disorders will have heightened symptoms. They may continue to experience the symptoms enough to disrupt their daily life.

When the disorder gets severe, it may also result in nightmares, panic attacks, recurring painful thoughts, feeling fear, and self-destruction.

 

 

What Causes Anxiety?

The causes are dependent on your mental health. Although feeling anxious is common and normal. But it may lead to other worries or a hike in general anxiety. While sometimes, the presence of an anxiety disorder can lead to other mental disorders.

Anxiety

 

General causes may include:

  1. Genetics: People who have family members suffering from anxiety disorders are more likely to experience anxiety themselves.
  2. Environmental Stressors: The difficulties of life, in general, can trigger anxiety. It may be the issues related to work, relationships, or family problems.
  3. Brain Chemistry: Psychologists define mental disorders as the misalignment in the brain signals and hormones.
  4. Medical Reasons: Anxiety may appear as a symptom of other diseases and disorders. Certain medications may also lead to feeling anxious and increase stress.
  5. Withdrawal from illicit substances: Anxiety may come as a withdrawal symptom.

What are Anxiety Attacks?

An anxiety attack may feel different for every person who experiences it. It is commonly described as an extreme feeling of fear, worry, and distress. The feelings can be overwhelming and may make you feel ‘on-edge’.

Not everyone will experience the same type of anxiety attacks. The symptoms and severity may vary from being nominal to the extreme.  General symptoms may include:

  • Racing heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Flashes
  • Difficulties focusing
  • Irrational fear and worry
  • Tingling or numbing

 

 

Treatments

Once you get diagnosed with anxiety, you can explore the treatment options. Treatments are usually a combination of therapy and medication. However, some people might need medication in addition to treating it with therapy. The therapy may be psychotherapy or behavioral or both.

Most anxiety-related issues can be solved without needing any medical intervention. Simple lifestyle changes can help to cope with the symptoms.  Whereas, moderate to severe cases may need medical attention. To treat these moderate cases, sometimes just therapy is enough. While serious and severe cases may require a combination of therapy and medication.

When it comes to the treatments, it is important to tackle the underlying factors first. Illicit substance dependence, severe stress, and depression have a deeper negative impression on the brain. Therefore, it is important to treat these first.

Natural Remedies To Treat Anxiety

Like I mentioned, the symptoms can be controlled by making small lifestyle changes. Until and unless it becomes unmanageable, you can try these simple tips to keep the anxious feelings under control.

  1. Exercise and eat healthy: I can’t emphasize enough how important exercise is to keep the mind and body healthy. Working out and staying healthy release chemicals that make you feel happy and positive.
  2. Meditate: Simple and easy techniques like breathing exercises, yoga, stretching, and resting in dark can soothe your brain and control the anxiety symptoms.
  3. Stress management: Stress is one of the core causes of anxiety. To control that you have to organize your life. Set deadlines and try to accomplish that. Plus, don’t forget to take some time out for yourself as well.
  4. Support Network: Take to the people you trust. Don’t just talk to everybody around you. That will not serve the purpose. You can also find support groups to help you cope with mental disorders.
  5. Avoid smoking and alcohol: Keeping your health in check is the most thing. Cigarettes and alcohol will do more than good.

 

 

How to Prevent Anxiety?

Remember that anxiety is a natural human emotion. It is completely fine to feel anxious in your day-to-day life. Feeling anxious does not point towards any sort of mental disorder.

You can take these steps to control moderate anxiety:

  1. Keep a regular sleep pattern
  2. Eat healthily and stay active
  3. Reduce caffeine
  4. Before taking any medication, check with the pharmacist for any chemical that may trigger anxiety
  5. Maintain a healthy social circle.

However, if you begin to notice that it has become more difficult for you to focus on or do certain tasks like talking to people, riding in an elevator, going shopping, or separating from a loved one. Then it’s an indication that anxiety has started to come in your way and it’s time to find a solution.

Takeaway

Anxiety is not a mental condition. It is an instinct that alarms our brain about any forthcoming dangers.

An anxiety disorder occurs when the anxious feelings get exaggerated and escalated. There are several types of anxiety disorders like panic attacks, general anxiety disorder, phobias, etc.

Anxiety can be treated through lifestyle changes, therapy, and medication. Although, it doesn’t go away 100 percent because it is a natural emotion. But you can learn to manage it and live a happy and healthy life.