If you are a person who has a sensitive immune system, or lives in a household where people have allergies but still wishes to be a pet parent then hypoallergenic dog breeds or even hypoallergenic cats may be a viable option.

Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds – The Best And Worst For Allergy Sufferers

If you are a person who has a sensitive immune system, or lives in a household where people have allergies but still wishes to be a pet parent then hypoallergenic dog breeds or even hypoallergenic cats may be a viable option.

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It is very common for people to contract allergies from their furry friends because pets carry proteins in their saliva, skin, and urine. These proteins can act as allergens hence causing different allergies in different people. Even so that the same breed can cause different allergic reactions to different people. So you ask…

What is a Hypoallergenic Dog?

People tend to think that the problem is with the dog’s hair. But it’s the dog’s saliva that carries the most allergens. Then it’s the skin (dander) and urine that also carries a low number of allergens that still can be a cause of concern for some people.

Hypoallergenic dog breeds are considered a safer option for allergy sufferers because their saliva, skin, and urine carry a smaller number of allergens. Most hypoallergenic dogs have a single coat of fur which means less shedding and a lesser transfer of allergens to their fur through saliva, skin, or urine. Which can then also become a cause of allergies.

Dog Allergies Symptoms

Dog allergies are usually mild and a person can still live with a normal dog unless there are serious allergic reactions like severe breathing problems or skin diseases. Therefore, it’s best to limit your exposure to dogs if you think you are allergic to them.

Some allergies develop instantly while some may take some time to surface. Dog allergies may look like this:

  • Skin rash or hives
  • Nasal congestion
  • Watering eyes
  • Itching
  • Sneezing
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath

If you think might be allergic to dogs then you should contact your doctor to check if will be okay to get a hypoallergenic dog breed as a house pet. And only if you get a go-ahead then these are the best and the worst hypoallergenic breeds you should consider before making the big decision.

Best Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds For Allergy Sufferers

It is important to note that no dog is completely free of allergens. Similarly, hypoallergenic dogs also have a few allergens that might cause an allergic reaction if you are extremely sensitive to dogs. But with good hygiene and regular grooming might help reduces the chance of contracting dog allergies.

Nonetheless, here are the best hypoallergenic breeds for people who suffer from allergies:

1.  Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise Hypoallergenic Dog

A fluffy little cotton ball that is actually very famous among allergy sufferers. Bichon Frise is of the very playful and charming hypoallergenic dog breeds. They shed very infrequently and when they do, the shed hair is usually caught up in their undercoat. But they do need regular brushing and grooming sessions.

AKC reports that Bichon Fraise also makes a great lap dog with a great personality. They are known for being a friendly and loving breed. Bichons get along with other dogs and kids very well. Their happy-go-lucky nature and confidence make them a great choice for most families.

  • Temperament: Playful, Curious, Peppy
  • Color patterns: White 
  • Height: 9.5-11.5 inches
  • Weight: 12-18 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 14-15 years

2.  Miniature Schnauzer

Schnauzer miniature

Miniature Schnauzers are another favorite in the market when it comes to hypoallergenic dog breeds. Their owners find the Mini-Schnauzers to be outgoing, sporty, and ideal family dogs. Their nature is very active, fearless, and tough which also makes them a very good watchdog. Do not let their size fool you.

Mini-Schnauzers are friendly, bright, and can be well-trained. They adapt fine with the apartment life and have the ability to even patrol acres of farmland. They shed very little despite their double-coat fur. Regular grooming sessions will help to keep the coat nice and clean.

  • Temperament: Friendly, Smart, Obedient
  • Color patterns: Salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black
  • Height: 12-14 inches
  • Weight: 11-20 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years

3.  Maltese

Maltese Hypoallergenic dog

Maltese is a tiny but luxury-like hypoallergenic dog breed that is loved by many for its charming, playful, and adaptable personality. You might have seen many celebrities carrying a Maltese around because Maltese is the definition of lapdogs since the earliest of times.

Their luscious coat can either be kept long or trimmed depending on how much you are willing to groom. But the good thing is that they shed very less which makes them a perfect match for cuddling sessions without the fear of any allergies.

  • Temperament: Gentle, Playful, Charming
  • Color Patterns: All white
  • Height: 7-9 inches
  • Weight: under 7 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years

4.  Poodles

Poodle dog

Whether standard, miniature, or toy, all Poodles fall under the hypoallergenic dog breeds. If you are aware of the dog world then you might have heard their name at least once. Regardless of their size, Poodles are known for their versatile, intelligent, athletic, and smart dogs.

Poodles can be trained very easily and they love to show around their playful and charming personality. They shed very less and their coat is also low-allergen. If you can keep up with the maintenance and grooming sessions then Poodles might be for you.

  • Temperament: Active, Proud, Very Smart
  • Color Patterns: Black, white, or apricot
  • Height: Over 15 inches (standard), Under 15 inches (miniature), Under 10 inches (toys)
  • Standard Weight: 60-70 pounds (male), 40-50 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 10-18 years

5.  The Wire-haired Terriers

Wirehaired Terriers

Most of the Terriers are medium to small-sized low-shedding dogs. Wire-haired and Coarse-haired Terriers are especially the ones who belong to the hypoallergenic category. Terriers are a happy, loyal, and very entertaining breed. Because they love their playtime, they may make training time a little difficult.

You can find so many dogs in the Terrier group that shed very less or don’t shed at all. Yorkshire, West-Highland, and Scottish Terrier are among the best Terriers who might fit perfectly in the house of allergy sufferers. But you will have to regularly maintain and clean their coat to avoid any health issues for you and your dog. Here are some more low-shedding Terriers:

  1. Norwich Terrier
  2. Lakeland Terrier
  3. Irish Terrier
  4. Tibetan Terrier
  5. Welsh Terrier
  6. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  7. Wire Fox Terrier
  8. Australian Terrier
  9. Cairn Terrier
  10. Silky Terrier

6.  Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Source: www.akc.com/dog-breeds

Renowned as the Supreme gundog, Wirehaired is outgoing, playful, eager, and quick-witted. They can make amazing field dogs and are also extremely loving at home. They can be easily trained and are hardworking.

Wirehaired Pointing Griffons have a short coat that is harsh and bristly. Apparently, the coat gives them their natural and unkempt appearance. And they need few grooming sessions occasionally to keep them clean and healthy.

  • Temperament: Friendly, Devoted, Trainable
  • Preferred Color Patterns: Steel grey and brown, white and chocolate, orange and white, liver
  • Height: 22-24 inches (male), 20-22 inches (female)
  • Weight: 50-70 pounds (male), 35-50 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years

7.  Italian Greyhound

Italian Greyhound

Italian greyhounds are miniature Greyhounds. They have the shed very minimally. Overall their personality is playful, affectionate, and alert. They love to be on your lap rather than on the floor. But their slender structure gives them a bolting speed the minute they catch sight of prey or a cat.

They are super easy to groom and take care of given that they have an extremely short coat. But they need extra care in winters as they do not have a lot of fat on their body to keep them warm during the winters.

  • Temperament: Playful, Alert, Sensitive
  • Color Patterns: Black, fawn, blue fawn, chocolate, sable, tan, fed fawn, and grey are most common
  • Height: 13-15 inches
  • Weight: 7-14 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 14-15 years

8.  Afghan Hound

Afghan Hound Hypoallergenic

Their silky and long coat can make you think for a second if they really belong to the hypoallergenic dog breeds. Well, they are extremely low-shedding dogs with great personalities. Originally, Afghan Hounds are from Afghanistan.

They are an ancient breed that has been famous for their loyalty and elegant beauty. Apart from their appearance, the Afghan Hound is indeed a special breed and can’t be treated like other dogs. They need regular grooming sessions with daily exercise.

  • Temperament: Dignified, Profoundly Loyal, Aristocratic
  • Color Patterns: Many
  • Height: 25-27 inches
  • Weight: 50-60 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years

9.  Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu Dog

A breed with a long pedigree. The “lion dogs” dates back to the Tang Dynasty. Shih Tzu is a royal but bred to be house pets. They are gentle, lively, friendly, and very charming. Shih Tzu is also very affectionate with children. Plus, their idea of fun is to sit in your lap and enjoy some good TV time with you.

Among the top 20 at AKC, Shih Tzu is a low-shedding breed. However, their long and silky hair needs to be well-groomed and brushed often to match their regal personality.

  • Temperament: Affectionate, Playful, Outgoing
  • Color Patterns: Many
  • Height: 9-10.5 inches
  • Weight: 9-16 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 10-18 years

10. Portuguese Water Dog

Portuguese Water dog

A hypoallergenic dog is known for its athletic, smart, and water-loving nature. Portuguese water dog is a medium-sized playful and loyal companion who is actually very easy to train. They are usually bred to help the fisherman as they are built for the water work.

They do have a thick coat but it is low-allergen. Meaning that they shed seasonally and do require regular maintenance of the low-shed tight curls. This breed is also best for people who like swimming and open water in general.

  • Temperament: Affectionate, Adventurous, Athletic
  • Color Patterns: Black, white, brown, black and white, white and chocolate
  • Height: 20-23 inches (male), 17-21 inches (female)
  • Weight: 42-60 pounds (male), 35-50 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 11-13 years

11. Lagotto Romagnolo

Lagotto Romagnolo Dog

Sure, the name might sound fancy but Lagotto Romagnolo is a small-to-medium-sized pup who would tick all the boxes for your requirement of a hypoallergenic dog. They are especially known for their dense wooly curls. Although they look like a toy but are strong with true endurance.

This dog breed is affectionate, strong, and with a special talent. If you are someone who loves truffles, then Lagotto is actually great at truffle-hunting.

  • Temperament: Affectionate, Keen, Undemanding
  • Color Patterns: Preferred colors are off-white, orange, brown roan, white, and chocolate
  • Height: 17-19 inches (male), 16-18 inches (female)
  • Weight: 28.5-35 pounds (male), 24-31 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 15-17 years

12. Chinese Crested

Chinese Crested Dog

A celebrity dog who has made several appearances in the movies is similar to the Hairless Terriers. But, they are also available in the coated varieties and are known as Powderpuffs. Chinese Crested is playful, witty, and fun to be around.

The hairless one won’t shed for obvious reasons hence keeping the allergies to the minimum. And the coated ones do not shed as much making them a good choice for allergy sufferers.

  • Temperament: Affectionate, Alert, Lively
  • Color Patterns: Spotted, black, chocolate, tri-color
  • Height: 11-13 inches
  • Weight: 8-12 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 13-18 years

13. Havanese

Havanese Hypoallergenic Dog breeds

This cute little breed of toy dogs is native to Cuba. Which makes them kind of exotic. Their adaptable nature, sturdy bodies, and mingling nature makes them a perfect city dog. Havanese loves attention and would play tricks to catch your attention all the time.

They also make good watchdogs with minimum barking. Their hair can grow really long but most owners prefer a short clip for easier maintenance.

  • Temperament: Intelligent, Outgoing, Funny
  • Color Patterns: Several
  • Height: 8.5-11.5 inches
  • Weight: 7-13 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 14-16 years

14. Coton De Tulear

Coton De Tulear Hypoallergenic Dog

If you are in search of a hypoallergenic dog breed that will truly be your companion then Coton De Tulear might be the best for you. They have soft “cotton-like” white coats with adorable features and an amazing personality.

They would love to be around you all the time and catch your attention again and again with their clowning and cavorting. Also known as the royal dog of Madagascar, Coton will keep you entertained and be by your side.

  • Temperament: Charming, Bright, Happy-Go-Lucky
  • Color Patterns: White
  • Height: 10-11 inches (male), 9-10 inches (female)
  • Weight: 9-15 pounds (male), 8-13 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 15-19 years

15. Xoloitzcuintli

Xoloitzcuintli - Hypoallergenic dog breeds
Source: www.akc./dog-breeds

I know, the name is a tongue twister but you can either call them Xolo or pronounce their breed’s name as show-low-eats-queent-lee. Like Hairless Terrier and Chinese Crested, Xolos also available in hairless and coated varieties.

They are a great fit for families with dog allergies. Xolos are energetic, alert, loving, and graceful. They make great watchdogs and have rugged and strong bodies.

  • Temperament: Loyal, Alert, Calm
  • Color Patterns: Several
  • Height: 10-14 inches (toy), 14-18 inches (miniature), 18-23 inches (standard)
  • Weight: 10-15 pounds (toy), 15-30 pounds (miniature), 30-55 pounds (standard)
  • Life Expectancy: 13-18 years

16. Basenji

Basenji Hypoallergenic Dog

If you are not a fan of barking and in search of a dog who will not give you allergies then Basenjis is for you.  They are smart, independent, poised, and impressive. They are easily recognizable by their glistening short coat, wrinkled forehead, tightly curled tail, and human-like emotions.

Basenjis are a cult breed which means that they are small in numbers and only the lucky ones get to own them. They are also easy to maintain as they have a short coat and they groom themselves almost like a cat.

  • Temperament: Independent, Smart, Poised
  • Color Patterns: Several
  • Height: 17 inches (male), 16 inches (female)
  • Weight: 24 pounds (male), 22 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 13-14 years

Worst Dog Breeds for Allergies – Non-Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

Dogs are one of the most loved and adored pets around the world. They are truly man’s best friends in every way. However, dogs can carry certain proteins that can cause allergies in people. The basis of this allergy is saliva, dead skin, and urine.

How serious can the allergy be, depends on the dog and the level of sensitivity you have. Usually, the pups who shed more are not suitable for allergy sufferers. This does not mean that the dog breed is bad. All it means is that the breed is just not for you.

Cute Dog

Here are the dog breeds that are worst for allergy sufferers.

  1. Basset hound
  2. Doberman Pinscher
  3. German Shepherd
  4. Siberian Husky
  5. Labrador Retriever
  6. Pekingese
  7. Pug
  8. Saint Bernard
  9. Cocker Spaniel
  10. Boxer
  11. Boston Terrier
  12. Springer Spaniel
  13. The Great Pyrenees
  14. Pomeranian
  15. Chow Chow
  16. Bloodhound
  17. Alaskan Malamute
  18. English Bulldog
  19. Dachshund
  20. Akita
  21. Mix doodles: Just like Poodles, Mix-Doodles are also blessed with a hypoallergenic quality. Labradoodles (Labrador Retriever + Poodles) and Goldendoodles (Golden Retriever + Poodles) are the two most commonly known as mixed hypoallergenic dog breeds.

Take Away

All dogs can cause allergies. Even the ones with no hair at all. Therefore, it’s important to keep in mind that hypoallergic breeds can also affect. Plus poor hygiene and lack of grooming is another reason that may lead to allergies. Being aware of what might be the reason may help you to minimize the effect. Like, don’t let your dog lick you if you are allergic to the dog’s saliva.

Even before you decide to get a dog, you should always get yourself checked for allergies beforehand. Getting a pet from a shelter is much more feasible as you can have some time with the pet to see if you match together.

Getting a pet is a work of great responsibility. It’s not like getting a toy or something that doesn’t need attention. Therefore, be responsible for your pet and treat him with love and respect.

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