A parent-child relationship plays a greater role in shaping an individual. It can heavily impact the physical, social, emotional, and mental development of a child. Although the essence of every parent-child relationship is different and unique, nonetheless certain factors remain constant to strengthen the effect of parenting psychology.

Parent-Child Relationship – Importance Of Parenting Psychology

A parent-child relationship plays a greater role in shaping an individual. It can heavily impact the physical, social, emotional, and mental development of a child. Although the essence of every parent-child relationship is different and unique, nonetheless certain factors remain constant to strengthen the effect of parenting psychology.

Parent-child relationship

There is plenty of evidence to prove that children who grow in a secure and healthy family have a much better physical, interpersonal, and emotional intelligence as compared to kids who were brought up in broken or toxic families.

The way parents choose to raise their children enables them to have the power to sway their kids either towards the positive side or the negative. Parenting psychology helps the child to regulate their thoughts and emotions, behave, and react in accordance to the situation in the future.

Parenting Psychology – Positive Parenting

A parent-child relationship is different for every child even in the same home with multiple kids but there are a few pointers that may make the relationship worthwhile.

Positive parenting is a one-size-fits-all framework that you can change and modify as your child grows. It allows some simple parenting tips that may help you improve your relationship with your child and connect to them on a psychological level.

Positive parenting would consist of the following elements:

  • Empowering, nurturing, affectionate attitude towards your child
  • Providing emotional security, warmth, and stability
  • Rewarding and respecting the child’s accomplishments and developmental stages
  • Providing unconditional love, open communications, and healthy positivity
  • Teaching and implementing boundaries
  • Showing empathy and being sensitive to your child’s needs
  • Supporting your child’s interest and teach important aspects of life
  • Making positive and healthy family experience a priority
  • Acting as a role model
  • Providing adequate monitoring and supervision

Types of Parent-Child Relationship

Theorists and psychologists have examined the development of the relationship very closely and have divided the parent-child relationship into two main types. The parent-child relationship can be either of the two types; Adoptive or Biological.

An adoptive parent-child relationship is often formed based on legal agreements that are the parents take to become the permanent guardianship of the child. Most often, they do not share any genetic material.

Whereas, a biological parent-child relationship is formed based on sharing the same genetics. Parents do not need any legal documents to be called legal or permanent guardians.

Importance of Parent-Child Relationship

Sigmund Freud is one of the major theorists who believe that the quality of adult development was largely dependent on the relationship that the children shared with their parents. For example, children who are mistreated in their childhood often grow up to be broken individuals who have trust issues and troubled adult relationships.

There are multiple ways through which positive parenting psychology impacts a child’s life. Researches conducted have shown a significant link between parental expressivity and a child’s long-term emotional regulation.

Parents are the very first school for any child. A child learns almost all of their social behavior and themselves via their parents. Other than making the child aware of society and how it functions, there are other very important factors:

  • Reduced depressive symptoms among children and adolescent
  • Improved motivation, self-esteem, and optimism
  • Better school adjustment and psychosocial functioning
  • Secured parental attachment, social development, and cognitive recognition
  • Decreased problematic behaviors
  • Improved ability to resist negative peer influences
  • Enhanced educational and life goals
  • Higher sense of parental competence
  • Much lower family stress and conflict
  • Increased resilience, compliance, and self-regulation among children

A parent-child relationship is so important that there are specific programs implemented by practitioners to improve the parent’s approach, child’s outcome, and strengthen the youth for a better future. Parent Circle Program, The Early Head-Start, Raising Safe Kids, and New Beginning programs are to name a few.

All in all, positive parenting psychology plays a major part in the child’s healthy growth and nourished inner spirit. Because it provides love, support, guidance, safety, and a role model for the child to emulate.

How To Improve Relationship with Your Child

The very first thing that you need to bring to attention is your parenting style. To make your relationship with your child happy and secure, the parenting style should be assertive but not intrusive, supportive but not punitive, and responsive but not ignorant. The correct balance between these qualities makes a parenting style that is often known as authoritative parenting.

Once you have figured out the basis of your parenting style with your child, then you can start building the strong relationship you have always hoped for. Here are a few tips that may help create and strengthen your bond with your child:

Tell your child you love them

A parent’s love for their child can’t be matched but this doesn’t mean that you don’t have to show it. Remember that your child doesn’t know and wouldn’t know unless you tell them. Showing affection and care will ensure your child that they belong to you and they are secure with you.

Often parents mix up showing love with weakness as they want to keep their upper hand. Know that power struggle in a parent-child relationship is unhealthy and it weakens the bond over time. Lay straightforward and clear boundaries but tell your child that you love them isn’t going to make your child take you for granted.

Teach and practice boundaries

Boundaries are extremely important in any relationship. It shows what’s acceptable and where you draw a line for behavior that isn’t welcomed. Setting clear boundaries is not just going to streamline your household but will teach your child the value of boundaries.

A child who is raised in a household with healthy boundaries knows where they need to raise their concern in adult life. They value their lives and their choices. It improves their self-esteem and prevents anyone from misusing them at any point in their life.

Be attentive

Children need attention, especially at a young age. When a child is going through the developmental stages, they are always looking for validation from their parents. Although they might not say it in clear words an attentive parent can easily tell if their child needs them.

Being attentive doesn’t mean being intrusive. It is to make sure that you are there when your child needs you and requires your full attention in any matter or stage of life.

Be available

Life is super busy today. Most parents are employed to support a quality lifestyle for their kids. But it also leads to less time spent with your kids. While I completely agree with not making your kids the focus of your life, but whatever time you spent together you should be 100 percent present.

This teaches your child that you know how to prioritize your life events and you can manage your professional and personal life well. Your child will also apply the same principle when they grow up to be partners and parents.

Spend quality time together

Just being present doesn’t mark your presence. I would suggest focusing on the quality of time and not the quantity of time. Even if you have the whole day free at home, you can’t count it as spending time with your child if you don’t even grab the opportunity to connect with your child throughout that day.

Whenever you can plan fun activities with your kids, create rituals and traditions, and talk genuinely to your kids about your life. Show them that you care and your child will reciprocate.

Listen and empathize

Although the conversations your child wants to have might be boring for you but appreciate the fact that your child at least wants to talk to you about their experiences and feelings. It shows that your child trusts you and is comfortable enough to have a personal conversation with you.

Listen to your child without judgment, boredom, or expectations. Understand what your child is trying to convey and come up with a response that ensures your understanding and support. Never discourage your child at the moment because that would only translate as alarming and your child will hesitate the next time, they have something to discuss.

Show what you expect

Be the person you want your child to be. It is as clear as that. You cannot expect your child to respect you if all you do is disrespect and disregard them at every moment you get. A child observes and learns from you. Whatever you show, your child will most likely copy that.

Enforcing habits or behaviors are usually a failure and will only make your child a pro at lying. Instead try to show what you expect, set boundaries, and make an easy schedule that your child can follow.

Connect before you correct

Ensuring that your child feels loved, belonged, and cared for before you correct any behavioral issues. When parents are way too strict and only ever focus on correcting their child’s behavior, it pushes the child away and throws the parent-child relationship down the drain.

Avoid hurting your child and all the other toxic parenting techniques to discipline your child. Instead, try positive disciplining techniques to correct the unwanted behavior. But before anything make your child feel loved and secured at every point.

Recognize and reward

When you are jammed on disciplining your child, most parents often ignore good behavior. If you are pinpointing everything your child mustn’t do, then you should also highlight everything your child is doing right.

Rewarding doesn’t always have to be materialistic. Appraising your child in person and front of gatherings is also a way to improve your child’s self-esteem and make them feel like they are good at something. It creates a sense of accomplishment and boosts confidence instantly.

Take Away

A parent-child relationship means a lot while raising kids that are strong enough to tackle the hardships of life. Similarly, positive parenting psychology provides all the necessary resources for preventing and dealing with potential parenting challenges.

Building a solid relationship with your child is not a one-step journey. You constantly need to invest your time and effort to reap the best results. Here are the highlights of the article:

  • There are several groups and programs to help the troubled parents
  • Positive parenting is an ongoing process
  • The essence of parenting psychology is to empower the children and avoid family stress and conflicts
  • A healthy parent-child relationship enables the parents and the child to build a coherent relationship that supports the growth perspective.
  • Disciplining principles have changed and require a much smarter approach today
  • Families who understand each other and build a strong bond raise children that are confident, strengthened, and resilient in the future.

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